Welcome to the House of Discipline Sport Taekwondo. This section is for the students that practice their love for the sport of Taekwondo as well as Traditional Taekwondo. Below you can find major organizations of Taekwondo for information.
The Korean martial arts date back thousands of years. A mural on the wall of a tomb built in the Kingdom of Koguryo (37BC) shows two figures in Taekwon-Do stances and hand motions. The ancient martial art called Tae Kyon lasted until the 1900s. During the occupation of Korea by the Japanese, the practice of Tae Kyon was banned. With the occupation, Tae Kyon barely survived and in 1945, after the Japanese left Korea, the old traditions were revived.
The first Taekwondo school (Kwan) was started in Yong Chun, Seoul, Korea in 1945. Many different school were opened from 1945 through 1960. Each school claimed to teach the traditional Korean martial art, but each school emphasized a different aspect of Taek Kyon/Subak. This caused different names to emerge from each system, some of them were: Soo Bahk Do, Kwon Bop, Kong Soo Do, Tae Soo Do and Kang Soo Do.
On April 11, 1955 at a conference of kwan masters, historians, and Taek Kyon promoters, most of the kwan masters decided to merge their various styles for mutual benefit of all schools. The name "Tae Soo Do" was accepted by a majority of the kwan masters. Two years later the name was changed again, this time to "Taekwondo" The name was suggested by General Hong Hi Choi (who is considered the father of Taekwondo). "Taekwondo" was suggested by Choi because of its resemblance to Taek Kyon, and so provides continuity and maintains tradition. Further, it describes both hand and foot techniques.
Dissension among the various kwans carried on until September 14, 1961. Then by official decree of the new military government, the kwans were ordered to unify into one organization called the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA), with General Hong Hi Choi elected as its first president. In 1962, the KTA re-examined all the black belt ranks to determine national standards and also in 1962, Taekwondo became one of the official events in the annual National Athletic Competitions in Korea.
Because of political reasons and other envious reasons, in March of 1966 Choi founded the International Taekwon-do Federation (ITF), which he also served as president. Choi later resigned as the KTA president after an “alleged” assassination attempt. He moved the HQs to Los Angeles where a second “alleged” attempt on his life was made. He then again moved his ITF headquarters to Montreal, Canada, from where he concentrated on organizing Taekwondo internationally to include Communistic North Korea.
Young-wun Kim was elected the new KTA president. Feeling that Korea was the mother country of Taekwondo and that the world headquarters should be located there, he dissolved the ITF's connection with the KTA and on May 28, 1973 created a new international governing body called the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF), which coincided with the first World Taekwondo Championships that were held in Seoul, Korea. At the first inaugural meeting, Un Yong Kim was elected as president of the WTF and drafted a charter for the federation. The WTF is the only official organization recognized by the Korean government as an international regulating body for Taekwondo.
Even though there is still bickering, embezzlements, corruption (because there are billons of dollars to be made), The World Taekwondo Federation continues to make a major effort to standardize tournament rules and organize world class competitions. After the 2nd World TKD Championship in Seoul, the WTF became an affiliate of the General Assembly of International Sports Federation (GAISF), which has ties to the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC recognized and admitted the WTF in July 1980. In 1982 the General Session of the IOC designated Taekwondo as an official Demonstration Sport for the 1988 Olympic in Seoul, Korea.
Since Modern-day Taekwondo's official birth on April 11, 1955, its development as a sport has been rapid. Over 30 million people practice Taekwondo in more than 156 countries. In the year 2000, Taekwondo was granted a spot as a recognized Olympic Sport, with our own American and good friend Steve Lopez taking a Gold Medal. 2004 saw Taekwondo at the Athens Olympics.
Modern Taekwondo History
What we call Modern Taekwondo began on March 11, 1944 when Tang Soo Do-Song Moo Kwan was founded by Byung Jick Ro in KaeSung City, Korea. Tang Soo Do-Chung Do Kwan, which followed six months later was founded by Won Kook Lee in Seoul, Korea, in September of 1944. Due to the unstable situation in Korea at the time, both schools were forced to close their doors to the public within three to four months after opening. It was the end of World War II and Korea was under Japanese occupation. Japan was taking most of the young adult Korean males under the age of 60 and using them wherever they needed, so understandably, most of the young Korean men were uneasy and fearful during this time and were trying to hide themselves. Training in sports was not a priority in their lives and the martial arts took a back seat to simple survival.
With the end of the Japanese occupation of Korea on August 15, 1946, Taekwondo began to once again flourish and spread to the general Korean public. However, all of the kwans were again forced to close their doors in 1950 due to the onset of the Korean war. Since this time, the original name of the martial art has changed from Tang Soo Do to Kong Soo Do or Soo Bak, Kwon Bup to Tae Soo Do and finally to today's Taekwondo. Below is a brief overview of the history of the "original founding kwans" who formed modern day Taekwondo as was told to me:
SONG MOO KWAN (Tang Soo Do) Founder: Byung Jick Ro March 11, 1944: Song Moo Kwan founded at Ja Name Dong (Kwan Duk Jung), KaeSung City, Kyung Ki Providence May 2, 1946: re-established at Dong Hung Dong, KaeSung City, Kyung Ki Providence
- June 25, 1950: closed doors due to the Korean War
- September 20, 1953: re-established Ah Hyung Dong, Mapogu, Seoul, Korea
CHUNG DO KWAN (Dang Soo Do) Founder: Won Kook Lee September 1944: Chung Do Kwan funded at Ok Chun Dong (Young Shin School), Suh Dae Moo Gue, Seoul, Korea April 1946: re-established at Gyun Ji Dong (Si Chun Gyo Dang), Jong Ro Gu, Seoul, Korea
- June 25, 1950: closed doors due to the Korean War
- October 1953: re-established in Gyun Ji Dong (Si Chun Gyo Dang), Jong Ro Gu, Seoul, Korea. When this group was re-established in 1953, they did not have an instructor. Two students of Mr. Lee's, Jong Myong Hyun and Wun Shik Min, requested Master Byung Jick Ro to come as an instructor. Master Ro helped them re-establish and teach their students until December 1954. Before leaving, he appointed Duk Sung Sohn as head and Mr. Hyun and Mr. Min as instructors.
CHOSON YON MOO KWAN JUDO DO JANG (Kwon Bup Bu) President: Kyung Suk Lee First instructor: Sang Sup Jun 1946: established (Kwon Bup Bu)
June 25, 1950: closed doors due to the Korean War
September 1953: Kwon Bup Bu ceased to exist when Yon Moo Kwan became the central Do Jang of the Korean Judo Association
Mr. Sang Sup Jun disappeared during the Korean War in 1950
Kwon Bup Bu 9YMCA) First Instructor: Byung In Yoon September 1947: established (Kwon Bup Bu) June 25, 1950: closed due to the Korean War
- YMCA building was destroyed during the war and Kwon Bup Bu ceased to exist. Mr. Yoon disappeared during the Korean War
KYO TONG BU WOO ASSOCIATION (Tang Soo Do Bu) First Instructor and Founder: Ki Hwang 1947: established (Tang Soo Do Bu) June 25, 1950: closed due to the Korean War
- 1955: changed name to Moo Duk Kwan. Departed from the 'original founding' members of Korea Tae Soo Do Association. Tang Soo Do originated with the above kwans. Groups established after this time period are branches of the above groups.
Kwans (schools) founded after 1953 (After The Korean Government Regained Control Of Seoul)
DAE HAN CHE YOOK KWAN (Kong Soo Do Bu) First Instructors: Kyo Yoon Lee, Kwae Byung Yoon, Jong Woo Lee September 1953: established (Kong Soo Do Bu) The name has since been changed to Ji Do Kwan
CHAE SHIN BU (Kong Soo Do Bu) First Instructor: Nam Suk Lee 1954: established (Kong Soo Do Bu) The name has since changed to Chang Moo Kwan
OH DO KWAN (Army Taekwondo) Founder: Hong Hi Choi 1955: began teaching Taekwondo to the Korean Army - July 1959: began to be known to the public
In addition to these kwans, many other groups were started such as: Han Moo Kwan, Jung Do Kwan and Sang Moo Kwan.